JOURNAL OF PACIFIC STUDIES
A B C D E F G-H I J-L M N-O P Q-R S T U-V W-Y 0-9

Title: The Queensland labour trade : a comment on Williams

Author: Shlomowitz, Ralph
Subject:  Labor|Australia|Queensland|History
Volume: Vol.18, 1994-95
Collation: p. 128-136

Abstract: Evidence to suggest that the Queensland labour trade was significantly opened up to competitive market forces

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Title: The Queensland labour trade, 'A well working labour market'? : a commentary on the analysis provided by Ralph Shlomowitz

Author: Williams, T. David
Subject:  Indentured servants|Australia|Queensland|History
Volume: Vol.18, 1994-95
Collation: p. 110-127

Abstract: This paper looks at the work of Ralph Shlomowitz, one of the most distinguished and productive contributors to the literature, and argue that although the data he presents provides a very useful starting point for discussion of the broader issues, his conclusions depend far less on the force of his evidence, or on the way he organises it, than on the assumptions, often implicit, that he makes.

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Title: Quong Tart and early Chinese businesses in Fiji

Author: Ali, Bessie Ng Kumlin
Subject:  Chinese contract labour|Chinese migration; contract labour, nineteenth century|contract labour|Pacific|overseas Chinese
Volume: Vol.28 no.1, 2005
Collation: p. 78-88

Abstract: In examining the activities of the Chinese who settled in Fiji during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, this article throws light on why the Chinese were attracted to Fiji and how Chinese settlement occurred. It considers Quong Tart’s interest in employing Chinese labourers to work in Fiji for a company he was hoping to establish in these islands. Other Chinese also had similar ideas. None of their proposals eventuated and Chinese labour did not come to Fiji in large numbers. Yet Fiji’s economy was developed through Australian corporate capital dependent upon Indian indentured labour. That the Chinese presence in Fiji remained limited partially reflects three shaping factors: the attitude of the British Government towards the Chinese living and working in Fiji; the colonial government’s perception of its responsibilities to the indigenous population arising out of the Deed of Cession (1874); and the influence of Australian colonies upon British policies in this matter. The intention of Quong Tart to establish a company employing Chinese labour is analysed. In this context, the activities of the Chinese companies and Chinese traders already in Fiji are illustrated through emphasis on some prominent Chinese in Fiji in the late nineteenth century.

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Title: The RAMSI intervention in the Solomon Islands crisis

Author: Moore, Clive
Subject:  RAMSI|Solomon Islands
Volume: Vol.28 no.1, 2005
Collation: p. 56-77

Abstract: The paper gives an up-date on the situation in the Solomon Islands [as in May 2005] and attempts to assess both RAMSI and the future needs of Solomon Islands. The paper argues that there is a disjunction between what RAMSI sees as its tasks and abilities, the capability of the present government, and the needs and expectations of the citizens of the nation.

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Title: The rape of the Pacific countinues : a review of West Papua : the obliteration of a people

Author: Naidu, Vijay
Subject:  
Volume: Vol.11, 1985
Collation: p. 16-169

Abstract: This book is about the racist garrison state that Indonesia and the international capitalist classes have .imposed on the Melanesian people of West Papua and their struggles against the combined might of the Indonesian military and transnational corporations.

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Title: Rapid rates of channel migration in a Pacific Island river

Author: Terry, James P., Kostaschuk, Ray A.
Subject:  River channels|Fiji|Rewa River
Volume: Vol.25 no.2, 2001
Collation: p. 277-289

Abstract: Rivers and their channel often demark property boundary lines

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Title: Rarotonga airport : a preliminary view of the possible balance sheet

Author: LeFevre, Tony
Subject:  Tourism|Cook Islands|Rarotonga
Volume: Vol.01, 1975
Collation: p. 86-100

Abstract: [ Abstract not available ]

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Title: Ratu Sir Lala Sukuna : between two worlds

Author: Robertson, R. T.
Subject:  Sukuna, Lala, Ratu Sir, 1888-1958
Volume: Vol.08, 1982
Collation: p. 83-94

Abstract: [ Abstract not available ]

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Title: A reality check : teaching practices in Fijian secondary schools

Author: Martin, Tess, Sukanaivalu, Matereti Sarasau, Takiveikata, Sereima
Subject:  Teaching practices
 Continuous professional development
Volume: Vol.35 no.3, 2015
Collation: p. 95 - 107

Abstract: This interpretive study of teaching practices explored the perceptions of teachers in a changing landscape in secondary schools in Fiji. Research participants engaged in focus group interviews in which they shared their teaching stories. The study found that the key issues for teachers were student-centered learning and continuous assessment. It also found that teachers were skilled and knowledgeable in pedagogy however some of their teaching practices are ineffective. It is contended that this situation is the result of inadequate support systems for teachers and in turn is perpetuating protracted change in the education system. Suggestions for teachers to develop adaptive and innovative skills that enable them to meet the changing role of teaching include a range of initiatives related to continuous professional development.

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Title: Reasons for regionalism within the Pacific islands

Author: Chand, Satish
Subject:  Regionalism|Pacific Area
 Pacific Area cooperation
 Pacific Area|Economic integration.
Volume: Vol.32, 2012
Collation: p. 25-43

Abstract: This paper investigates the economic motivations for group-formation (regionalism) amongst Pacific island nations and between the island nations on the one hand and ‘the big island nations’ Australia and New Zealand on the other. The case for regionalism to increase flows of merchandise trade amongst island nations is weak, that for the integration of tourism is stronger, while the case for integration of labour markets is the strongest. Gains from international trade can be raised through: (i) a unilateral shift to multilateralism with respect to merchandise trade; (ii) market-driven integration of services; and, (iii) a gradual increase in regional mobility of workers.

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Title: Rebuilding and restoring peace in Fiji

Author: Qarase, Laisenia
Subject:  Social contract
Volume: Vol.25 no.1, 2001
Collation: p. 97-105

Abstract: [ Abstract not available ]

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Title: Recent environmental changes along Southwest Pacific coasts and the prehistory of Oceania : developments of the work of the Late John Gibbons

Author: Nunn, Patrick D.
Subject:  Sea level|South Pacific Ocean
Volume: Vol.14, 1988
Collation: p. 42-58

Abstract: [ Abstract not available ]

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Title: Recent financial development in Fiji

Author: Luckett, Dudley G.
Subject:  Fiji|Economic conditions
Volume: Vol.10, 1984
Collation: p. 72-84

Abstract: For some twenty-five years following its postwar emergence as a sub-discipline, the field of development economics virtually ignored the role of money and finance in the development process. Influenced, perhaps overly, by the Keynesian Revolution of the times, it was believed widely that money supply is easily and almost costlessly created, and if finance had any significant role to have been developed long ago. In addition, the historical experience of that financial institutions were demand-following, meaning that such institutions would arise spontaneously in response to a demand for financial services in the real sector of the economy (Patrick 1966) This view has undergone rapid change in the past few years. While no one, of course, would argue that the creation of money and the creation of income are equivalent activities, increasingly it is accepted by development economiststhat money and financial markets play a significant and well-defined role in the complex process of economic development.

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Title: The reception of judges' rules and the right to counsel in the Constitution of Western Samoa

Author: Malifa, Leulua'iali'i Tasi
Subject:  Rights to counsel|Samoa
 Law|Samoa
Volume: Vol.21, 1997
Collation: p. 161-187

Abstract: This paper examines the development of Judges’ Rules in (Western) Samoa and its role in light of the Constitution, particularly Article 6

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Title: Reducing energy poverty for development and resilience : case studies from Vanuatu and the Marshall Islands

Author: Mucadam, Riyad, Ungaro, Juliana
Subject:  
Volume: Vol.35 no.1, 2015
Collation: p. 79-100

Abstract: [ Abstract not available ]

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Title: Reflections on the September 2014 elections : a CSO perspective (from the community out)

Author: Khan, Chantelle
Subject:  
Volume: Vol.35 no.2, 2015
Collation: p. 65-70

Abstract: [ Abstract not available ]

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Title: Regionalism and inter-island relations within the South Pacific

Author: Kunabuli, Paula
Subject:  Regionalism|Oceania
Volume: Vol.01, 1975
Collation: p. 5-19

Abstract: This paper is in four sections: the first deals with the f actors which hindered regionalism before World War IIi the second deals with the after-effects of World War II i ncluding the setting up of the South Pacific Commission and the move towards inter-island co-operation. The third sect i on looks at the various organizations which have been established since 1950 with the aim of increasing political and economic linkages between South Pacific Island states , both for dealing within the islands and with the outside world . This was a period of accelerated demands for self dete l~in ation, which has now been achieved in much of the Pacific. The last section tries to predict the trends in the form of regionalism and i nter-island co-operation in the future

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Title: Regional protests against nuclear waste dumping in the Pacific

Author: Ogashiwa, Yoko S.
Subject:  Radioactive waste disposal in the ocean|Oceania
 Nuclear-weapon-free zones|Oceania
Volume: Vol.15, 1990
Collation: p. 51-66

Abstract: A Japanese government proposal for dumping nuclear waste in the Pacific Ocean created one of the most controversial issues in the Pacific Island Countries (PICs)

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Title: Regional strategies : the Pacific islands and Japan

Author: Tarte, Sandra
Subject:  Economic assistance, Japanese|Oceania
 Oceania|Foreign relations|Japan
Volume: Vol.22, 1998
Collation: p. 159-172

Abstract: Ownership of the Pacific’s tuna—so valuable to both Japan and the island states—continues to be a highly contentious issue.

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Title: A regional telecommunications infrastructure for the economic development of the Pacific Island Nations

Author: Karunaratne, Nell Dias
Subject:  Telecommunication|Oceania
 Telecommunication policy|Oceania
Volume: Vol.08, 1982
Collation: p. 1-19

Abstract: The nation states of the Pacific comprise over 10,000 islands inhabited by about 5 million people (1980) and growing at 2 percent per annum. Vast inter-island distances, remoteness from metropolitan markets, rugged terrain, linguistic and ethnic diversity impose severe constraints on the development of Pacific Island Nations (PINs). The ``tyranny of distance`` and isolation is further aggravated by the tendency of these islands to natural hazards such as cyclones, earthquakes, and tsunamis. For centuries, the island economies have enjoyed a rural subssistence affluence. The per capita income of A$892 (1979) indicates that PINs currently enjoy living standards that compare favourably with other developing economies. However, triggered by a ``demonstration effect``, the people of PINs are voting with their feet and their mouths for a more varied and higher living standard.

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Title: Regulations, costs and informality : the case of Fiji

Author: Maiti, Dibyendu, Narain, Devendra, Kumar, Sunil
Subject:  Informal sector
 Governance
 Regulation
Volume: Vol.36 no.2, 2016
Collation: p. 68-88

Abstract: Informal sector is considered to be a ‘cushion’ for the majority of workers in the developing world, where the formal sector jobs are limited and social securities for the unemployed do not exist. While the size of the sector is quite large in the developing world, it appears to be relatively low in Fiji even when the economic growth of the country has been abysmally low during the last three decades. This is because the entry requirement to the informal sector has been quite stringent and time consuming, and may have led individuals to either remain unemployed or concentrate on subsistence production. Relative flexibility for entry and running businesses in the informal sector would not only improve the economic condition of the workers, but also overall economic growth. Separate and flexible legislations are, therefore, needed for the informal sector to grow and contribute to the economy.

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Title: Relative factor abundance and Australia's trade in a three-factor framework

Author: Chatterjee, Srikanta
Subject:  International trade|Economic aspects|Australia
Volume: Vol.19, 1996
Collation: p. 99-126

Abstract: This study estimates the capital and the labour content of Australia's trade vectors.

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Title: Religion, the christian state and the secular state : discourses during the 2014 Fiji general election campaign

Author: Ryle, Jacqueline
Subject:  Election|Fiji
 Christian sociology
 Secularism
Volume: Vol.35 no.2, 2015
Collation: p. 35-48

Abstract: This article explores discourses on the Christian state, secular state and religion in the media during the 2014 Fiji elction campaign

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Title: Representative democracy, the constitution and electoral engineering in Fiji : 2014 and beyond

Author: Nanau, Gordon Leua
Subject:  Election|Fiji
 Political stability|Moral and ethical aspects|Fiji
Volume: Vol.35 no.2, 2015
Collation: p. 17-34

Abstract: In an attempt to ensure all citizens are equally represented and their interests accommodated in a multicultural setting, Fiji changed its electoral system four times since flag independence

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Title: Review of the New Pacific Diplomacy

Author: Nicole, Robert
Subject:  
Volume: Vol.35 no.3, 2016
Collation: p. 127-131

Abstract: [ Abstract not available ]

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Title: The role of government in providing adequate food supplies : tariffs, quotas, subsidies, and other approaches

Author: Halapua, Sitiveni
Subject:  Food supply|Government policy|Oceania
 Agriculture and state|Oceania
Volume: Vol.08, 1982
Collation: p. 39-54

Abstract: In most Pacific island nations today, government are commited to the goal of rapid economic development. This is expressed in their constant indulgence in the laborious and comprising exercise of preparing succesive development plans. Economic development in the final analysis deals with the complex problem of choices. These choices determine the use of resources for the purpose of expanding quantity and quality of goods and services available to the population of the country. As in most developing countries, the economic planners in the Pacific island nations have regarded the clue to economic development as being hinged on structural change. Thereby, emphasizing the reallocation of resources so as to attain the optimum or target output produced in a given period. In this context, its important to recognize that we are concerned with the allocation or rellocation of resources which are not only limited but sources are scarce only in relation to the people's expectations and desires.

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Title: The role of social capital in post-flood recovery in Ba District, Western Viti Levu, Fiji Islands

Author: Yila, Othniel Mingtang , Weber, Eberhard
Subject:  Floods|Socail aslects|Fiji|Ba
 Flood damage|Fiji|Ba River
 Floods|Fiji|Ba
Volume: Vol.33 no.1, 2013
Collation: p. 114-135

Abstract: Flood are among the most significant and frequent hazards that affect communities in the Western Division of Fiji, often leaving in their wake displacements and death, and putting thousands at risk of sliding into poverty

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Title: The role of the media in conflict prevention and peace building in Tonga

Author: Moala, Kalafi
Subject:  Dispute settlement-mass media
 Peace-building|Tonga
Volume: Vol.31 no.2, 2011
Collation: p. 293-300

Abstract: [ Abstract not available ]

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Title: Rural-born Fijians and Indo-Fijians in Suva : a study of movements and linkages

Author: Chandra, Rajesh
Subject:  East Indians|Fiji|Suva
 Rural|urban migration|Fiji
 Suva (Fiji)|Population
Volume: Vol.08, 1982
Collation: p. 95-103

Abstract: [ Abstract not available ]

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Title: Rural Fiji

Author: Walsh, A. Crosbie
Subject:  Fiji|Rural conditions
 Fiji|Economic conditions
 Fiji|Social conditions
Volume: Vol.19, 1996
Collation: p. 145-158

Abstract: Finally, this has been an exploratory paper whose purpose has been to show that the USP postgraduate student survey revealed survey biases, possibilities of biases, and procedural shortcomings that are rarely planned for or mentioned by those conducting surveys or reporting their results.

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Title: Rural Fiji : a review essay by Rajesh Chandra

Author: Chandra, Rajesh
Subject:  
Volume: Vol.12, 1986
Collation: p. 169-179

Abstract: [ Abstract not available ]

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