JOURNAL OF PACIFIC STUDIES

Title: The Samoan Fa'amatai system : social protection and governance issues

Author: Taua'a, Susana
Subject:  Customary law|Samoa
 Samoa|Social life and customs
Volume: Vol.34, 2014
Collation: p. 59-76

Abstract: This paper explores the fa’amatai in the light of social protection in Samoa. Fa’amatai is a way of life, a social political structure and the basis of traditional village governance that cuts into the modern democratic system of government.

Original information

Title: Schooling in Pacific Islands Nations (PINs) : what place, what role?

Author: Tuimaleali'ifano, Eileen
Subject:  culture and education
Volume: Vol.30, 2007
Collation:

Abstract: Concern with the achievements and adequacy of formal education systems in the contemporary Pacific has, over the past thirty years, led many Pacific Islander educationists to advocate the thoroughgoing adoption of cultural approaches as the remedy for perceived deficiencies. Greater use of Pacific epistemologies and cultures in all areas of education-curricula, pedagogy, psychology, learning theories, assessment techniques and so on-is, they contend, the means most likely to break down the 'foreignness' of the school system and step outside the notion that the primary purpose of schooling is national development. This paper, taking account of the contextual realities of the present globalising world, argues that cultural approaches are no longer enough. Systems and teachers must be prepared to operate more flexibly and variously, rising to the challenge of the mixed classrooms and global consciousness that constitute the world of today's students. Keywords culture and education; Pacific Islands Nations; pedagogyConcern with the achievements and adequacy of formal education systems in the contemporary Pacific has, over the past thirty years, led many Pacific Islander educationists to advocate the thoroughgoing adoption of cultural approaches as the remedy for perceived deficiencies. Greater use of Pacific epistemologies and cultures in all areas of education-curricula, pedagogy, psychology, learning theories, assessment techniques and so on-is, they contend, the means most likely to break down the 'foreignness' of the school system and step outside the notion that the primary purpose of schooling is national development. This paper, taking account of the contextual realities of the present globalising world, argues that cultural approaches are no longer enough. Systems and teachers must be prepared to operate more flexibly and variously, rising to the challenge of the mixed classrooms and global consciousness that constitute the world of today's students. Keywords culture and education; Pacific Islands Nations; pedagogyConcern with the achievements and adequacy of formal education systems in the contemporary Pacific has, over the past thirty years, led many Pacific Islander educationists to advocate the thoroughgoing adoption of cultural approaches as the remedy for perceived deficiencies. Greater use of Pacific epistemologies and cultures in all areas of education-curricula, pedagogy, psychology, learning theories, assessment techniques and so on-is, they contend, the means most likely to break down the 'foreignness' of the school system and step outside the notion that the primary purpose of schooling is national development. This paper, taking account of the contextual realities of the present globalising world, argues that cultural approaches are no longer enough. Systems and teachers must be prepared to operate more flexibly and variously, rising to the challenge of the mixed classrooms and global consciousness that constitute

Original information

Title: Sciences in the plural : the UNESCO Environmental Encyclopedia of Marovo Lagoon, Solomon Islands

Author: Hviding, Edvard
Subject:  Marovo Lagoon (Solomon Islands)
Volume: Vol.32 no.2, 2012
Collation: p. 128-143

Abstract: On the basis of 25 years' research in Marovo Lagoon, Western Solomon Islmuis, this paper discusses interactions between wcal development aspirations and introduced agerultls ifbwdWersity managemen4 and argues for increased diawgue between wcal and gwbal ways if !mowing and classijjing bwdwersity. Transnational companier have exploiwd th£ reif> and rainforests if Marovo Lagoon since th£ 1980s, while th£ area has attained international renown as a bwdWersity hotspot 7hrough customary law, th£ Marovo tribal groups still own th£ lagoon and th£ land whose resources are targets if such conjlicting p"!iects as wgging and bwdwersity conservation. Chiefi and leaders in Maravo have also initiated and suppomd academic research documenting resource use, management institutions and enoironmentallmowledge. 7his encounter between wcal and non-wcal!mowledge opens th£ possibility if making meaningfol connections between (1) Western science, (2) agerultls if environmental sustainability and (3) !mowledge and aspirations if local people. To i.lIustraw how such connections can be mediaWd by Wag-term anthropowgical fold research, th£ paper reports a UNESCO initiatioe based on an Environmental Enryclopedia in th£ Marouo Waguage that also contains English translations and scientific identifications. A new approach to environmental education in Marouo schools now uses this book, aiming to prepare youth for sustainable rural lifestyles, while also fo!fiJJing national polily to promow wcally and gwbal[y relevant vernacular education. In 2010 an online version if th£ book was launched as an OER (Open Educational Resource) contributing to a pioneering dfort unrierw'!Y in Marouo Lagoon to use rural internet-based education inaolving th£ OLPC (One Laptop per Child) P"!iect and ¥SA T broadband to remow locations. TheJoW7ll1l <

Original information

Title: The secret Guam study : how President Ford's approval of he commonwealth was blocked by federal officials

Author: Leibowitz, Arnold H.
Subject:  Guam|Politics and government
 United States|Foreign relations|1945-1989
 United States|Territories and possessions|Guam
Volume: Vol.28 no.2, 2005
Collation: p. 374-376

Abstract: Book Review

Original information

Title: Self-determination and the political economy of international law : denial of a right in East Timor

Author: Sutherland, William
Subject:  Self-determination, National|East Timor
 International law|Political aspects
Volume: Vol.11, 1985
Collation: p. 45-62

Abstract: This short paper examines the status of Indonesia's actions under international law and the case is made that the annexation of East Timor represents a gross violation of the East Timorese right to self-determination.

Original information

Title: Shallow coups, thin democracy? : constitutionalism in Fiji, 1987-1999

Author: MacWilliam, Scott
Subject:  Constitutional history|Fiji
Volume: Vol.25 no.1, 2001
Collation: p. 9-44

Abstract: [ Abstract not available ]

Original information

Title: Shedding the emperor's clothes : from colonial sugar refining to Fiji Sugar Corporation the take-over and consolidation 1973-1976

Author: Plange, Niik
Subject:  Sugarcane industry|Fiji
Volume: Vol.14, 1988
Collation: p. 112-130

Abstract: The reason for the purchase of the CSR was its reluctance to ,hare profits equably with its cane growers.

Original information

Title: Shifting images of identity in the Pacific : book review

Author: Poyer, Lin
Subject:  Pacific Area|Ethnic identity|Congresses
Volume: Vol.28 no.2, 2005
Collation: p. 366-368

Abstract: [ Abstract not available ]

Original information

Title: Sidelines and solidarity : race and cultural hegemonies in the transition from mission to national soccer in Fiji and South Africa

Author: Prasad, Mohit
Subject:  
Volume: Vol.33 no.1, 2013
Collation: p. 26-43

Abstract: Looks at the context and significance of soccer in assignations of race, ethnicity and class under colonialism and apartheid in soccer in two widely differing yet not totally dissimilar multiethnic, formerly colonial countries, Fiji and South Africa

Original information

Title: Simione Durutalo (1956-1994) and appreciation

Author: Naidu, Vijay
Subject:  
Volume: Vol.18, 1994-95
Collation: p. 194-197

Abstract: An appreciation

Original information

Title: The small claims tribunal as an alternative dispute resolution mechanism in Fiji

Author: Omar, Muhammed Taufil
Subject:  Small claims courts|Fiji
 Dispute resolution (Law)|Fiji
 Consumer Council of Fiji
Volume: Vol.23 no.1, 1999
Collation: p. 110-119

Abstract: This study introduces ‘Small Claims Tribunals’ as a method of alternative dispute resolution in Fiji

Original information

Title: Social accountability : working towards improved transparency and good governance

Author: Gopalkrishnan, Narayan
Subject:  
Volume: Vol.34, 2014
Collation: p. 91-107

Abstract: This paper critically examines the notion of social accountability and excavates reasons for its increasing popularity in development circles

Original information

Title: Social scientists in paradise

Author: Howard, Michael C.
Subject:  
Volume: Vol.09, 1983
Collation: p. 1-8

Abstract: Social science research in the South Pacific has had its ups and downs. depending on the vagaries of the world economy, wars and other geo-political considerations, academic fads, and the like. By and large, however, it can be argued that it has progressed - at least in terms of specialised complexity, the quantity of research and writing, and the range of theoretical perspectives represented. The South Pacific is no longer the preserve of a handful of anthropologists studying kinship and sexual practices and historians recording the glories of imperial expansion. The heterogeneity of social science research in the region has increased significantly over the past couple of decades. As a result, there are those who now feel that social science in the South Pacific has begun to exhibit a higher level of maturity, who believe that it is on the verge of moving beyond simple description, vaguely informed by theoretical concerns, to a more sophisticated plane. The articles in this special issue of the The Journal of Pacific Studies are drawn from the major fields within social science like history, anthropology, and geography, and to a lesser extent political sciences and economics, which have been present in the region over the years as well as from such relatively new fields of study as accounting, administration, and industrial relations.

Original information

Title: Sociology in the South Pacific

Author: Howard, Michael C.
Subject:  Anthropology|Oceania|History
 Sociology|Oceania|History
Volume: Vol.09, 1983
Collation: p.70-132

Abstract: [ Abstract not available ]

Original information

Title: Some comments on the experience of women in Vanuatu

Author: Lini, Kathi Rarua
Subject:  Women|Vanuatu
 Women's rights|Vanuatu
Volume: Vol.08, 1982
Collation: p. 70-82

Abstract: [ Abstract not available ]

Original information

Title: The South Pacific

Author: Norton, Robert
Subject:  
Volume: Vol.25 no.2, 2001
Collation: p. 299-301

Abstract: Book Review

Original information

Title: South Sea journey

Author: Woodcock, George
Subject:  Oceania|Description and travel
Volume: Vol.03, 1977
Collation: p. 103-105

Abstract: [ Abstract not available ]

Original information

Title: Space, power and politics in Fiji : geographies of the 1999 general election

Author: Britton, James M.R, Murray, Warwick E
Subject:  Elections|Fiji|1999
 Voting|Fiji|1999
Volume: Vol.25 no.1, 2001
Collation: p. 45-68

Abstract: This paper investigates Fiji 's significantly asymmetric electoral geography and the voting patterns resulting from the 1999 general election.

Original information

Title: Squatting in Fiji

Author: Bryant, Jenny
Subject:  Squatters|Fiji
 Squatter settlements|Fiji
Volume: Vol.10, 1984
Collation: p. 124

Abstract: [ Abstract not available ]

Original information

Title: SSED MA and PhD theses 2001-2003

Author:
Subject:  
Volume: Vol.26 no.1&2, 2004
Collation: p. 238-239

Abstract: [ Abstract not available ]

Original information

Title: SSED PhD and MA theses 2003-2004

Author:
Subject:  
Volume: Vol.27 no.2, 2004
Collation: p. 304-305

Abstract: [ Abstract not available ]

Original information

Title: The state and economic development : lessons from the Far East

Author: Prasad, Satendra
Subject:  
Volume: Vol.19, 1996
Collation: p. 176-180

Abstract: [ Abstract not available ]

Original information

Title: The state as entrepreneur : a case study of the government shareholding agency in Solomon Islands, it's origin and development

Author: Carroll, Peter
Subject:  Solomon Islands. Government Shareholding Agency
 Government business enterprises|Solomon Islands
 Corporations, Government|Solomon Islands
Volume: Vol.06, 1980
Collation: p. 45-86

Abstract: The majority of the countries of the South and West Pacific have achieved independence in the past two decades. Most of these very small countries have become accustomed to using publlic enterprise to promote economic growth more rapid than that which obtained under earlier colonial regimes. Before independence, publlic enterprise was not uncommon, particularly in the field of public utilities, and, to a lesser extent, in the financial sectors - as the several Agricultural and Industrial Loans Boards of the region indicate - but it was nowhere extensive. The loosening of colonial ties at the time of independence, however, sparked off a veritable explosion in its use. Governments, eager to speed up socio-economic growth but faced with relatively undeveloped private sectors, established public enterprises throughout their economies. As a result, one problem has been that of effective coordination and control. Most governments have chosen to place their various public enterprises under a relevant department, ultimately responsible, through ministers, to cabinet and parliament. The Fiji Sugar Corporation, Western Samoa Trust Estates Corporation, Tonga Commodities Board, and many others vital to the well-being of their respective national economies, are dealt in with in this fashion.

Original information

Title: Statement by Ambassadoe Tenagi R. Lohia at the special committee of 24 Regional Seminar in Port Moresby for Asia/Pacific region 4-6 March 1985

Author: Lohia, Tenagi R.
Subject:  International trusteeships
Volume: Vol.11, 1985
Collation: p. 181-189

Abstract: [ Abstract not available ]

Original information

Title: The state of economic development theory in the South Pacific

Author: Gunasekera, H. M.
Subject:  Economic development|Research|Oceania
Volume: Vol.09, 1983
Collation: p. 218-261

Abstract: This paper is an attempt to review the literature on economic development in the South Pacific written during the past decade and a half. The paper is based on an examination of over one hundred and fifty pieces and reports. The list perused is by no means exhaustive, the authors' input in this regard being constrained by their imperfect knowledge of and accessibility to existing works and by the limited time available. Naturally, we have not been able to make individual mention of all the works examined. In this task we have not been compelled to be selective, not only by the limitation of space but also by the fact that our main concern has been to classify these writings in terms of a certain set of series of development. Hence, those writings which we considered as forming only detailed aspects of these series have been mentioned only in passing.

Original information

Title: Steering a course for the future with sticks, stones, grass and a little sharkskin : the case for revitalisation of sail technology and sailing culture as a practical sea-transport response to climate change and fossil fuel dependence and supply issues in Fiji

Author: Nuttall, Peter
Subject:  Sailing
Volume: Vol.32, 2012
Collation: p. 163-175

Abstract: The paper makes an initial case for a more detailed inquiry into and analysis of the role sail technology might play in seeking sustainable and Oceanian -centred sea-transport adaptations for the region. Immediate and pressing challenges that face the coastal and island communities of Oceania include increasing environmental degradation, the uncertain effects of a climate change future and increasing dependency on imported fossil fuel with related concerns of supply and price security. Global interest in alternative energy technologies is widespread but sea transport generally and sail technology in particular have not been seriously explored. Past lessons and recent research indicate strong potential for sail technology to provide practical and multiple benefits to island and village communities as a viable alternative, although substantial barriers exist to such a revitalisation. Sail has potential at all levels of local, national and regional sea transport. The example of a fleet of small-scale, village based, sail powered catamarans is explored. The research focus of this paper is geographically limited to a Fijian example but is expected to have regional applicability.

Original information

Title: Stones rot but words last forever : the influence of culture on the communication of developmental information in the Pacific Islands

Author: Thomas, Pamela M.
Subject:  Communication and culture|Samoa
 Samoa|social life and customs
Volume: Vol.06, 1980
Collation: p. [1]-34

Abstract: E pala ma 'a, 'ae 'uppu (stones rot but words last forever). This old Samoan proverb points to the cultural significance of the spoken word in Samoan society. It alludes not only to the enduring nature of myths and legends and the importance of orally transmitted geneologies and history, but to the richness and pleasure of good discussion, pride in the ability to talk well and the Samoans' skill in oratory. Samoa has a talking culture, and oratory is regarded as an art form. The importance of the spoken word is clearly shown in a special category of chief - the 'tulafale' or talking chief. As in many Pacific societies based on an oral culture, the spoken word is more than just a means of communication, it is central to the way of life.

Original information

Title: The structure of retail food outlets in Suva, Fiji

Author: Chandra, Rajesh
Subject:  Food industry and trade|Fiji|Suva
Volume: Vol.03, 1977
Collation: p. 23-54

Abstract: [ Abstract not available ]

Original information

Title: A study into the feasibility of establishing a local vegetable seed supply enterprise in Solomon Islands

Author: Neave, Suzanne
Subject:  Seed supply|developing countries
Volume: Vol.32 no.2, 2012
Collation: p. 144-158

Abstract: This paper examims the factors contributing to the development 'If a robust local seed suPPlY ~s1em in Solomon Islands in the absence 'If conventWrud inftastructure and an enabling regulatory environment It is based on a case stu,y 'If an agricultural input supplier based in Honiara wlw contracted with a localfarmer to grow eggplant and tomato prinuuily for seed productUm. An economic analysis to Ikterenine whether such an enterprise would be economicallY vWhle.for both parti£s and a discussion 'If the practical constraints and opportunitics in the currenJ agribusiness environment are presented. The economic analYsis indicated there are potentio.ljinoncial ineentivesfor a retailer to contract with afarmer to SUPPlY seedfor the local market Based on the data collected during the stu,y, the cost 'lfproduction was SED 443 and 4,126 per kgfor eggplant and tomato respectioeIY, while costsfor processing and retailing were SBD 1,780 and 8,691 per kgfor eggplant and tomato, respectioeIY. The rate 'If return varies according to the price at which the farmer sells the seed to the retailer, and the retail price 'If that seed. However, as the reallkmand.for seed is not yet realised and standards and regulations to ensure qualitY are not yet in ploce, a local, private-sector driven seed supplY enterprise in the near foture seems a limited possibiliry.

Original information

Title: Successful unionism in a difficult environment. The Papua New Guinea Maritime Workers Industrial Union in the 1990s

Author: Hess, Michael
Subject:  Laor unions|Papua New Guinea
Volume: Vol.24 no.1, 2000
Collation: p. 5-32

Abstract: The purpose of this article, however, has been not so much to analyse PNG’s maritime transport industry as to identify more narrowly the determinants of the success of its union.

Original information

Title: Sugar and education in Fiji

Author: Routledge, David
Subject:  
Volume: Vol.08, 1982
Collation: p. 109-114

Abstract: [ Abstract not available ]

Original information

Title: Supply side obstacles to financing the private sector : empirical evidence from a small island developing state

Author: Sharma, Parmendra, Gounder, Neelesh
Subject:  State, Small|Economic conditions
 Developing island countries|Economic conditions
Volume: Vol.33 no.1, 2013
Collation: p. 4-25

Abstract: In light of the positive growing finance-private sector-economic growth findings, this article examines, from a supply side perspective, obstacles to private scetor financing in Fiji, a growth deprived, small island developing state in the Pacific region

Original information

Title: A survey of market vendors in a rural township : could more schooling assist rutal market vendors?

Author: Singh, Jagjit
Subject:  Education|Economic aspects|Fiji
 Economic development|Effect of education on|Fiji
Volume: Vol.19, 1996
Collation: p. 159-172

Abstract: This paper begins investigation of the effects of attainment ofbasic schooling on income earnings of middlemen entrepreneurs in an informal sector

Original information

Title: Survival responses to demographic and ecological pressures : population density and fishing patterns in Kiribati

Author: Singh, Jagjit
Subject:  Fishery management|Kiribati
 Traditional fishing|Kiribati
 Fishing|Economic aspects|Kiribati
Volume: Vol.19, 1996
Collation: p. 59-82

Abstract: The purpose of this study was twofold: first, to explore the broad socioeconomic patterns and second, to examine the significance of fishing activities in small atolls such as those of the Pacific Island state of Kiribati.

Original information

Title: Sustainable sea transport research programme : toward a research-based programme of investigation for Oceania

Author: Prasad, Biman, Joeli Veitayaki, Elisabeth Holland, Peter Nut-tall, Alison Newell, Amelia Bola and John Kaitu'u
Subject:  
Volume: Vol.33 no.1, 2013
Collation: p. 78-94

Abstract: This paper sets out the background, rationale and aims of a newly-established University of the South Pacific (USP) research cluster programme investigating the role that renewable energy might play for sustainable sea transport in the region

Original information

Title: Sustainable tropical rain forest logging : theory and practice

Author: Sisto, Nicholas
Subject:  Sustainable forestry|Economic aspects
 Logging|Economic aspects|Tropics
Volume: Vol.25 no.2, 2001
Collation: p. 253-276

Abstract: This paper proposes an alternative definition of sustainable logging: logging that does not disturb the species and age distribution of the tree population.

Original information

Title: Suva in a storm, 1920

Author: Ali, Ahmed
Subject:  General Strike, Fiji, 1920
 Strikes and lockouts|Fiji
 Labor disputes|Fiji
Volume: Vol.02, 1976
Collation: p. 1-21

Abstract: [ Abstract not available ]

Original information

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