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Vol. 37 no.1, 2017(4)

Title: Fiji Kava: production, trade, role and challenges

Author: Mohanty, Manoranjan
Subject:  kava|kava trade|kava production|niche product|yaqona
Volume: Vol. 37 no.1, 2017
Collation: p. 5-30

Abstract: Like any other Small Island Developing State (SIDS), Fiji has limited entrepreneurial opportunities. However, these countries have some unique highvalue niche products that have attracted global attention. Among the limited niche products in Fiji, kava (Piper methysticum) known as ‘yaqona’ or ‘grog’, is a popular agricultural and industrial product. Kava is not only a traditional, ceremonial and social drink in Fiji, but also a product that contributes to social and economic development through export and foreign exchange earnings and provides employment, and livelihoods, and alleviates poverty. As a beverage and pharmaceutical product, Fiji kava is increasing its importance nationally and internationally. The paper analyzes kava in Fiji as an entrepreneurial and business product, its trends in production, trade, ‘niche market’, growth potential, its role, and also explores the issues and challenges associated with kava in Fiji.

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Title: Conference Review : Critical Tourism Studies – Asia Pacific, Yogyakarta, 3-6 March 2018

Author: Trupp, Alexander, Movono, Apisalome, Beckles, Lynn
Volume: Vol. 37 no.1, 2017
Collation: p. 84-90

Abstract: Critical Tourism Studies – Asia Pacific (CTS-AP) is an international network of scholars who share a vision of promoting social change in and through tourism practice, research and education ( CTS seeks to find new ways of understanding and transforming travel and tourism by locating it in its wider political, economic, cultural and social contexts. CTS embodies “more than simply a way of knowing, an ontology, it is a way of being, a commitment to tourism inquiry which is pro-social justice, equality, and anti-oppression: it is an academy of hope’ (Ateljevic et al., 2007, p. 3). The first CTS conference was held in 2005, but the 2018 conference in Yogyakarta Indonesia was the first CTS conference that took place in the Asia Pacific Region. The region is characterized by its socioeconomic, cultural, and political diversity (Dolezal & Trupp, 2015) and is a mix of mature, emerging and nascent tourism destinations (Hall & Page, 2016; Pratt & Harrison, 2015). Pacific Island Countries – in contrast to many nations on the Asian mainland – have narrow economic bases and thus, limited choice but to seek further development of tourism (Cheer et al., 2018). Pacific Island Counties are well positioned to reap rewards from tourism investments, yet lack the critical lenses and experience (compared to Asia) required for planning and developing tourism sustainably (Movono, 2017). As such, the CTS movement and its communal networks ideally set itself as a hub for knowledge and information sharing which facilitates genuine exchanges on critical tourism issues that affect the Asia Pacific region.

Original information

Title: Competition and regulation of mobile phones in small island nations

Author: Abbott, Malcolm, Chun-Wang, Wei
Subject:  competition|mobile phones|regulation|small islands|telecommunications.
Volume: Vol. 37 no.1, 2017
Collation: p. 32-60

Abstract: Small island nations face a number of challenges in achieving economic development. The small size of these nations means they lack the economic density required to take advantage of economies of scale and specialization, and the distance from larger markets raises transportation costs and limits their ability to be part of global production networks. In meeting these challenges the telecommunications industry has a vital role to play. Telecommunications reform has meant the introduction of competition into parts of the industry (mobile phone, long distance, and Internet). In this paper, the growth of mobile phone use is observed and analysed. The findings are that growth of the sector has taken place at a varied rate across the various nations studied, and that lower mobile phone prices are associated with more competition and independent regulation.

Original information

Title: Objecting to objectivity: reflecting on evaluation in Vanuatu

Author: Nichol, Martha Geary, Overton, John
Subject:  monitoring and evaluation|objectivity|ownership|relationships|
Volume: Vol. 37 no.1, 2017
Collation: p. 62-83

Abstract: Evaluation is intended as an objective activity to assess and learn from development interventions. In practice it is donor driven to meet donor needs and is predicated on donor conceptions of knowledge, evidence and meaning. Rejecting the notion of objectivity and viewing evaluation as a reflection of Western epistemologies, this paper draws from observations of two evaluation exercises and several interviews in Vanuatu to highlight a significant shortcoming of current practice: the failure to recognise contextual factors of kastom, place and language. It questions the fundamental approaches to evaluation in different cultural settings and concludes with a call to focus on relationships as a first step toward more inclusive evaluation.

Original information

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